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HomeNanotechnologyTissue engineering - a potential remedy for diabetes?

Tissue engineering – a potential remedy for diabetes?


Oct 22, 2021 (Nanowerk Information) A novel strategy to treating sort 2 diabetes is being developed on the Technion. The illness, attributable to insulin resistance and discount of cells’ skill to soak up sugar, is characterised by elevated blood sugar ranges. Its long-term problems embrace coronary heart illness, strokes, harm to the retina that may end up in blindness, kidney failure, and poor blood stream within the limbs that will result in amputations. Diabetes is presently handled by a mixture of life-style adjustments, remedy, and insulin injections, however in the end is related to a 10-year discount in life expectancy. Led by Professor Shulamit Levenberg, Ph.D. scholar Rita Beckerman from the Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Laboratory within the Technion’s School of Biomedical Engineering presents a novel therapy strategy, utilizing an autograft of muscle cells engineered to absorb sugar at elevated charges. Mice handled on this method displayed regular blood sugar ranges for months after a single process. The group’s findings had been revealed in Science Advances (“GLUT4-overexpressing engineered muscle constructs as a therapeutic platform to normalize glycemia in diabetic mice”). Muscle cells are among the many major targets of insulin, and they’re supposed to soak up sugar from the blood. Of their research, Prof. Levenberg’s group remoted muscle cells from mice and engineered these cells to current extra insulin-activated sugar transporters (GLUT4). These cells had been then grown to kind an engineered muscle tissue, and at last transported again into the stomach of diabetic mice. The engineered cells not solely proceeded to soak up sugar appropriately, bettering blood sugar ranges, but additionally induced improved absorption within the mice’s different muscle cells, by way of alerts despatched between them. After this one therapy, the mice remained cured of diabetes for 4 months – all the interval they remained beneath statement. Their blood sugar ranges remained decrease, and so they had lowered ranges of fatty liver usually displayed in sort 2 diabetes. “By taking cells from the affected person and treating them, we get rid of the danger of rejection,” Prof. Levenberg defined. These cells can simply combine again into being a part of the physique and reply to the physique’s signalling exercise. Presently round 34 million People, simply over 1 in 10, endure from diabetes, 90% of them from sort 2 diabetes. An efficient therapy – and one that may be a one-time therapy fairly than each day remedy – may considerably enhance each high quality of life and life expectancy of those that have diabetes. The identical technique is also used to deal with varied enzyme deficiency problems.



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