Learn on to seek out out extra about:
- How 3D printed nylon thermoplastics permit Shapeways clients to realize their imaginative and prescient.
- Why nylon thermoplastics are helpful in each fast prototyping and 3D printing useful components.
- Why supplies like Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic] are appropriate for thus many purposes.
- How Shapeways makes use of Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and Multi Jet Fusion to 3D print widespread, high-quality plastics.
Nylon Plastics Proceed to Reign
The historical past of nylon plastics is a protracted one, and it begins with conventional manufacturing. Nylon 12 serves as an exemplary mannequin of a polyamide found to be used in processes like injection molding, with many similar benefits provided when it’s utilized in 3D printing too. This consists of sturdiness, flexibility, and unimaginable versatility, together with extra particular options like excessive tensile energy, abrasion resistance, and thermal stability.
Polyamides like nylon supply a excessive melting level, together with the power to create versatile components with thinner buildings, however extra inflexible items with thicker components. Different supplies like PA 12 Glass Beads (PA12GB) are fortified to permit for even higher stiffness and product energy in flat or giant components that could be particularly prone to warping.
Shapeways has been privileged through the years to collaborate with modern clients concerned in very spectacular work. Highlighting supplies like Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic], corporations like BeeHero have been capable of streamline expertise for beekeepers and farmers, 3D printing sensor housings for good hives created to enhance pollination. Firms like Verner Architects have used these supplies for distinctive designs like a six-foot-long rest room self-importance meant to face the check of time. Tilt Hydrometer has additionally used Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic] for each prototyping and 3D printing end-use components for monitoring the fermentation course of in brewing craft beer.
Superior Expertise for Superior Supplies
SLS supplies are produced utilizing EOS machines and Multi Jet Fusion supplies are produced utilizing HP machines. Whereas the fabric properties are comparable, they’re every barely completely different, making every extra fitted to one particular utility over one other.
Nylon 3D Printed with Selective Laser Sintering
One of many authentic 3D printing processes, Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) was created within the ‘80s by Dr. Carl Deckard and Dr. Joe Beaman, related to each College of Texas at Austin and the Protection Superior Analysis Initiatives Company (DARPA). And though the 3D printing trade has continued to evolve at a fast tempo—and into an trade valued within the billions—SLS expertise nonetheless prevails, on the prime of the additive manufacturing hierarchy as probably the most highly effective processes.
Shapeways depends on Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) expertise to 3D print the next supplies:
- Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic]
- Nylon 11 [PA11(SLS)]
- Nylon 6 Mineral Crammed (PA6 MF)
Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic] is essentially the most extensively used 3D printed plastic as a result of its balanced property profile. These balanced properties, together with excessive energy and good chemical resistance, make it an important multipurpose materials appropriate for a variety of useful purposes. Machines producing SLS PA12 have the most important construct platform, permitting bigger components to be printed.
A number of finishes are additionally accessible:
- Pure: This end has a barely tough floor and a matte end.
- Processed: This end removes some materials to create a smoother floor.
- Premium: It is a easy end with good scratch resistance.
- Easy: This end has a easy floor and slight shine, created utilizing a physio-chemical vapor course of.
Colours: Versatile Plastic is of course white. Shapeways additionally supply Black, Pink, Crimson, Orange, Yellow, Inexperienced, Blue, and Purple. Be aware: Colours aside from White are dyed and can put on via over time with dealing with.
Nylon 11 [PA11(SLS)] is essentially the most versatile nylon materials as a result of its a lot greater elongation at break. It additionally has barely greater energy than the opposite supplies. This mix of excessive energy and good elongation at break makes it essentially the most impact-resistant materials of the 4 selections. Common purposes embrace sports activities tools, orthotics and prosthetics, and hinges, the place excessive ductility is necessary. PA11 additionally has greater temperature resistance and is predicated on renewable assets, due to this fact making it extra environmentally pleasant.
A pure white end is obtainable for this materials.
Nylon 6 Mineral Crammed (PA6 MF) is a singular materials, utilized in purposes requiring excessive stiffness, energy, and warmth stability. Mineral-filled reinforcement affords properties much like injection molded components—however with out the added time and expense required in utilizing that expertise. This materials is appropriate for purposes like automotive, together with structural components and useful prototypes.
Components printed with Nylon 6 Mineral Crammed (PA6 MF) can be found within the pure black end.
Nylon 3D Printed with Multi Jet Fusion
Multi Jet Fusion falls into the powder-based class, however makes use of an inkjet array to maneuver forwards and backwards depositing adhesive brokers onto the powder mattress, the place the nylon powder particles are then melted with thermal warmth.
HP launched Multi Jet Fusion expertise in 2016 with nice fanfare. Earlier to the much-awaited launch, there was great buzz a few highly effective new 3D printer on the horizon, and one able to exponentially quicker manufacturing than something at the moment in the marketplace on the time. HP didn’t miss the mark in any respect both, bringing forth a printer that took processes like Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and Binder Jetting one step additional, removing lasers and binders, and utilizing two various kinds of liquid brokers in the course of the printing course of for jobs requiring greater element and higher floor end.
Shapeways depends on Multi Jet Fusion to 3D print the next supplies:
Nylon 12 [MJF Plastic PA12] has very comparable properties to Nylon 12 [Versatile Plastic] produced with SLS; nevertheless, as a result of a barely completely different printing expertise, it has extra constant, isotropic properties all through components. MJF PA12 additionally has a barely greater elongation at break. Elevated elasticity makes this materials extra proof against breakages and in consequence, it’s appropriate for 3D printing components with thinner wires and wall options are capable of be produced.
Multi Jet Fusion is printed at a decrease layer thickness over SLS PA12 offering higher decision of small particulars too. A number of finishes can be found:
- Grey: Medium grey with a matte and barely grainy floor end.
- Black: Dyed black with a matte and barely grainy floor end.
- Black Easy: Dyed black with a easy and barely shiny floor end.
Nylon 12 Glass Beads [MJF Plastic PA12GB] is stuffed with 40% glass bead particles and in consequence, is a a lot stiffer materials. The upper rigidity makes this well-suited for structural components and housings that may stay stiff and powerful over time. It’ll maintain up higher over time, particularly for purposes that could be uncovered to friction and put on, akin to tooling and molds. The next finishes can be found:
- Grey: Pure grey end, blasted with oxide beads and air.
- Darkish Grey: Blasted with oxide beads and air, completed with a darkish grey shade.
With such an abundance of 3D printing supplies accessible right this moment, the hot button is to acknowledge the benefits of appropriate merchandise and finishes for particular challenge necessities, and turn into knowledgeable on how completely different additive manufacturing expertise measures up too.
Shapeways has labored with over 1 million clients in 160 international locations to make over 21 million components! Examine case research, discover out extra about Shapeways options, and get prompt quotes right here.
Contact Shapeways now to get pleasure from the advantages of superior expertise and supplies for 3D printing with accuracy, advanced element, and no limits when it comes to mass customization or single half orders.