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Personal Software Load Balancer for EKS in Terraform

Amazon Net Providers (AWS) gives a robust mixture of providers for constructing, deploying, and managing functions. Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) is a managed Kubernetes service that simplifies the method of deploying, managing, and scaling containerized functions utilizing Kubernetes. In sure situations, you would possibly wish to deploy a non-public Software Load Balancer (ALB) in entrance of your personal EKS cluster to deal with incoming visitors effectively. On this information, we’ll stroll via the method of establishing a non-public ALB on your personal EKS cluster utilizing Terraform, together with finest practices and complex particulars.


Earlier than you start, guarantee you may have the next conditions:

  • AWS Account: Entry to an AWS account with crucial permissions to create assets.
  • Terraform: Put in Terraform CLI in your native machine.
  • AWS CLI: Put in AWS Command Line Interface to configure your AWS credentials.

Step-by-Step Information

1. Configure AWS Credentials

Open your terminal and run the next command to configure your AWS credentials:

aws configure

Enter your AWS Entry Key ID, Secret Entry Key, default area, and most well-liked output format.

2. Create a VPC

As a way to arrange a non-public ALB and EKS cluster, you want a Digital Personal Cloud (VPC) with personal subnets. Create a brand new Terraform configuration file (e.g., and outline your VPC, personal subnets, and crucial networking parts.

useful resource "aws_vpc" "my_vpc" {
  cidr_block = ""

useful resource "aws_subnet" "private_subnets" {
  rely = 2
  cidr_block = "10.0.${rely.index}.0/24"
  vpc_id =

  tags = {
    Identify = "private-subnet-${rely.index}"

3. Create an EKS Cluster

Outline your EKS cluster configuration in a brand new Terraform configuration file (e.g., Specify your required Kubernetes model, cluster identify, and VPC configuration.

module "eks_cluster" {
  supply          = "terraform-aws-modules/eks/aws"
  cluster_name    = "my-eks-cluster"
  subnets         = aws_subnet.private_subnets[*].id
  vpc_id          =
  cluster_version = "1.21"
  tags = {
    Terraform = "true"

4. Create a Safety Group for EKS Nodes

It is advisable create a safety group to regulate inbound and outbound visitors on your EKS nodes. Add the next to your file:

useful resource "aws_security_group" "eks_nodes" {
  name_prefix = "eks-nodes-"
  vpc_id      =
  // Outline your safety group guidelines right here

5. Create an ALB Safety Group

Equally, create a safety group for the personal ALB. Add the next to your file:

useful resource "aws_security_group" "alb_sg" {
  name_prefix = "alb-sg-"
  vpc_id      =
  // Outline your ALB safety group guidelines right here

6. Create the Personal ALB

Create a brand new Terraform configuration file (e.g., to outline the personal ALB. Specify your listener configurations, safety teams, and goal group.

useful resource "aws_lb" "private_alb" {
  identify               = "private-alb"
  inner           = true
  load_balancer_type = "utility"
  subnets            = aws_subnet.private_subnets[*].id

  enable_deletion_protection = false

useful resource "aws_lb_listener" "alb_listener" {
  load_balancer_arn = aws_lb.private_alb.arn
  port              = 80
  protocol          = "HTTP"

  default_action {
    target_group_arn = aws_lb_target_group.alb_target_group.arn
    sort             = "fixed-response"

    fixed_response {
      content_type = "textual content/plain"
      message_body = "Hiya, that is the ALB!"
      status_code  = "200"

useful resource "aws_lb_target_group" "alb_target_group" {
  identify        = "alb-target-group"
  port        = 80
  protocol    = "HTTP"
  vpc_id      =
  target_type = "ip"

7. Replace EKS Node Safety Group

Replace the EKS node safety group to permit visitors from the ALB safety group. Modify your file:

useful resource "aws_security_group_rule" "alb_ingress" {
  sort        = "ingress"
  from_port   = 80
  to_port     = 80
  protocol    = "tcp"
  cidr_blocks = []
  security_group_id =

8. Deploy the Configuration

In your terminal, navigate to the listing containing your Terraform information and run the next instructions:

terraform init
terraform apply

Terraform will provision the assets outlined in your configuration information.

In Closing

Organising a non-public ALB in entrance of a non-public EKS cluster utilizing Terraform requires cautious planning and configuration. By following the steps outlined on this information, you may effectively deploy and handle your infrastructure, adhering to finest practices. This method allows you to securely deal with incoming visitors and make sure the easy operation of your personal EKS cluster.

Do not forget that this information gives a fundamental setup for demonstration functions. In real-world situations, you need to customise the configurations to match your utility’s necessities and take into account safety, scalability, and excessive availability components.



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